Eight difficult Nottinghamshire Scopariinae
 
The Scopariinae are one of the most difficult micromoth groups to identify to species level and correct identification of these moths via photographs cannot be 100% relied on.

Many people new to moth trapping will often deliberately avoid recording them, but sooner or later succomb to the challenge and give it a go. The purpose of this page, is purely to put the most likely encountered Nottinghamshire Scopariinae, in a single web page and help ease of species comparison.

Although some species are quite specific in their habitat requirements, others are regularly attracted to MV lights operated from urban gardens, but these attractively marked moths will turn up virtually anywhere a trap is operated.

 
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These moths are readily disturbed from tree trunks and walls during the day and are certainly well concealed when resting on Birch. Their life histories are still generally little known, but some Scopariinae larvae feed on lichens and mosses growing on walls and tree trunks.

Nottinghamshire Scopariinae

Historically and according to J. W. Carr's book "The Invertebrate Fauna of Nottinghamshire", many of the Scopariinae have had a rather patchy distribution in Nottinghamshire, or at least recorders seem to have devoted little time to their identification. We have no information available on any other Scopariinae, but at least ten species have occurred, or are still known in Nottinghamshire.

Scoparia bisistrigalis was recorded from Sherwood Forest in 1982 (Bee, L. and Sterling, M.J.). The only information regarding other county records is again via Carr's book, when it was recorded from Oxton in 1912 and Epperstone in 1914. The lack of available records is probably more due to the difficulty in actually tracing records of any species in Nottinghamshire, rather than S. bisistrigalis being uncommon. This is not a moth we have recorded personally though, even after trapping within Sherwood Forest for several years, so many records may have been overlooked by ourselves.

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Flight periods of Nottinghamshire Scopariinae
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.. J F M A M J J A S O N D
Scoparia subfusca .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Scoparia pyralella .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Scoparia ambigualis . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ...
Eudonia truncicolella . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Eudonia angustea . . . . . . . . . . . .
Eudonia mercurella .. .. .. . . . .. . .. .. .. ..
Eudonia pallida .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. ..
Eudonia lacustrata .. .. .. . . . .. .. .. .. .. ..
  Sherwood Forest also has a historical record of Eudonia lineola (Brameld, R.E.) from the late 1800's or early 1900's. E. lineola has a largely coastal distribution in the UK and cannot be completely discounted from occurring again, as Sherwood has a number of invertebrates having a similar coastal distribution. Carr also lists a record of Eudonia murana for the Mansfield district (Daws).

We believe that there are few records of Eudonia pallida. We took this moth at Market Warsop in July 2014, about a week after one was recorded at Attenborough NR by Tim Sexton. There is also a record from Misson Carr in July 2008, but Eudonia pallida must certainly be one of the scarcer species.

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Scoparia subfusca is is a quite distinctive moth by Scopariinae standards and fairly large in comparison to the other Nottinghamshire Scopariinae. Faded or worn examples of S. ambigualis will be often be mistaken for S. subfusca, but definite S. subfusca are quite distinctive. This moth is certainly scarce around the Sherwood Forest area, but there has been a recent spate of records over the past few years. Both our own records have come during July.

Scoparia ambigualis is often the first of the Scopariinae to appear on the wing. A very common moth found in a wide range of habitats, the first adults usually appear from mid-May and continue to fly for much of the Summer. The variability in markings, coupled with the presence of very worn specimens as the Summer progresses, means that S. ambigualis will often be mistaken for other species and this is usually where the identification problems associated with Scopariinae will begin.

Scoparia pyralella is another common moth, flying during June and July. S. pyralella is one of the more distinctive of the Scopariinae and some of the darker markings on the wings are in-filled with light brown, including the figure eight shaped Discal spot. This is another common moth frequenting a range of habitats and is easily disturbed from its daytime resting place.

     
Scoparia and Eudonia species - dorsal views
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    Eudonia truncicolella is a difficult moth to seperate from S. ambigualis and poorly marked E. mercurella. It usually occurs in large woodlands and it has become quite regular in recent years at Sherwood Forest, but may not be that widespread across the county.

Eudonia angustea is thankfully the easiest of all our Scopariinae to identify, but identification is easiest based on resting posture and wing shape. The forewings are more pointed and appear to be held more closely to the body, giving the whole moth a slimline posture. E. angustea is readily attracted to lighted windows in most urban locations and flies till quite late in the year.

Eudonia mercurella often has an overall darker appearance and well marked individuals tend to visibly stand out as something different among large numbers of other Scopariinae in the trap. Our records have E. mercurella as flying between July and September.

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Eudonia pallida is supposedly one of the easiest to identify, but identification is made more difficult when specimens are worn. When fresh (as in the photographs) there should be no problem with ID.

Eudonia lacustrata (formerly Dipleurina lacustrata) is a reasonably distinctive moth and fairly easy to recognise once some familiarity with other Scopariinae has been gained. Usually slightly smaller and with an obvious pale area across the centre of the forewings. Some specimens can occasionally have a sandy background colouration, but this is unusual in our experience. Occurs commonly in a variety of situations including gardens from June to September.

         
Scoparia and Eudonia species - lateral views
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