A modern Atlas of Nottinghamshire Millipedes
A modern Atlas of Nottinghamshire Millipedes pdf file
 
This recently updated (February 2017) modern Atlas of Nottinghamshire Millipedes, follows the same format as used in our January 2015 publication 'A modern Atlas of Nottinghamshire Centipedes'.
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  Despite their great abundance, Millipedes (Diploda) have remained largely neglected in terms of their identification and study in Nottinghamshire and until only recently, very little information was available regarding the county's species, or their distribution.

But thanks again to Tony Barber of the British Myriapod and Isopod Group (who also sent us the BMIG's Centipede records for VC56) it is now possible for us to produce and publish a long overdue modern atlas of Nottinghamshire Millipedes.

Most of the records in the BMIG's database, are Tony's own records, or those of R.E. Jones. Both recorded Millipedes in the Bingham area of the county in the late 1960's and early 1970's, although Tony also recorded Millipedes from a number of other Nottinghamshire locations.

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Records sent to us by the BMIG and a slowly growing group of naturalists, coupled with our own records from the Mansfield and Sherwood Forest area over the past few years, now means that we are actually developing a more realistic picture of species distribution within Nottinghamshire. The distribution of Millipedes does tend to reflect recorder location, so the distribution of many species may seem to be quite patchy.

Nottinghamshire species

Polyxenus lagurus, Glomeris marginata, Brachychaeteuma sp, Nanogona polydesmoides, Chordeuma proximum, Melogona scutellaris, Brachydesmus superus, Polydesmus angustus, Polydesmus coriaceus, Polydesmus inconstans, Ophiodesmus albonanus, Macrosternodesmus pallicola, Choneiulus palmatus, Proteroiulus fuscus, Blaniulus guttulatus, Archiboreoiulus pallidus, Boreoiulus tenuis, Nemasoma varicorne, Julus scandinavius, Ophyiulus pilosus, Cylindroiulus britannicus, Cylindriolus caeruleocinctus, Cylindroiulus punctatus, Brachyiulus pusillus, Ommatoiulus sabulosus and Tachypodoiulus niger.

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Recent species found new to Nottinghamshire

Following on from the increased interest in Nottinghamshire Millipedes, five (almost six) new species have recently been added to the county list. These are Chordeuma proximum (2015), Macrosternodesmus pallicola (2016), Choneiulus palmatus (2015), Boreoiulus tenuis (2015) and most recently Melogona scutellaris (2017). The 'almost sixth' species, is an unidentified Brachychaeteuma Millipede found at three sites in 2016.

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None of the UK's three species of Brachychaeteuma Millipedes have ever been recorded before in Nottinghamshire, so the record of a Brachychaeteuma sp from an Attenborough garden in early January 2016, is certainly representative of what species are waiting to be discovered, even within the confines of an urban garden.

Unfortunately, two of the three UK Brachychaeteuma Millipedes are extremely difficult to determine to species level and require an adult male to do so. Even then, there is great variability in the male gonopods. To make matters slightly worse for Tim Sexton (who found the specimen and sent us the photograph on the right for inclusion) it was a female and so remains as Brachychaeteuma sp, but is either B. bagnalli or possibly B. bradeae.

A second unidentifiable female Brachychaeteuma sp, was collected by Derek Whiteley from Pleasley Vale in February 2016 and yet another by ourselves at Mapperley in December 2016.

 
Brachychaeteuma sp (Tim Sexton)
Common names

Some Millipedes do have well used common names which we have decided to list here, as common names can make a species more 'user friendly' to those new to natural history. Those species with well used common names include the following list.

Polyxenus lagurus Bristly Millipede, Blaniulus guttulatus Spotted Snake Millipede, Proteroiulus fuscus Snake Millipede, Cylindroiulus punctatus Blunt-tailed Snake Millipede, Ommatoiulus sabulosus Striped Millipede, Tachypodoiulus niger White-legged Snake Millipede, . and Polydesmus angustus Flat-backed Millipede.

The Nottinghamshire distribution maps

The distribution maps are largely built from the records of Tony Barber, P.E. Jones and an increased number of interested naturalists in recent years. We have avoided using historical records sourced from J.W. Carr's book "The Invertebrate Fauna of Nottinghamshire", feeling that a modern atlas is more representative of the current distribution of our Millipede fauna and far more useful.

     
     
DIPLODA - PENICILLATA - POLYXENIDA - Polyxenidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA - ONISCOMORPHA - GLOMERIDA - Glomeridae
Polyxenus lagurus (Linnaeus, 1758)   Glomeris marginata (Villers, 1789)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Probably fairly widespread and severely under-recorded, despite the only records in the last 50 or so years coming from Church Warsop and Attenborough. Found under loose mortar on stone walls and Churches etc.   Nottinghamshire distribution: Widespread and common, especially within woodland lying on Sherwood Sandstone, where it can be found under logs. Most records are from sites well north of Nottingham, in the Mansfield and Sherwood Forest areas and extending towards Retford, but there are records from around Bunny in south Nottinghamshire.
 
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DIPLODA-CHILOGNATHA-NOMATOPHORA-CHORDEUMATIDA - Brachychaeteumatidae   DIPLODA-CHILOGNATHA-NOMATOPHORA-CHORDEUMATIDA - Craspedosomatidae
Brachychaeteuma sp   Nanogona polydesmoides (Leach, 1814)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Not recorded from the county until three records within the space of 2016. All three examples have so far been female and undeterminable to species. Current records are from an Attenborough garden in early January 2016, (Sexton, T.) Pleasley Vale in February (Whiteley, D.) and Mapperley in December (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.).   Nottinghamshire distribution: Possibly more widespread than the current distribution map would suggest. This Millipede has been well recorded from around Bingham, but only recently found in Sherwood Forest and at Lound Wood at Eakring. However, the number of known sites is increasing.
 
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DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA - NOMATOPHORA - CHORDEUMATIDA - Chordeumatidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA - NOMATOPHORA - CHORDEUMATIDA - Chordeumatidae
Chordeuma proximum (Ribaut, 1913)   Melogona scutellaris (Ribaut, 1913)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Recorded new to Nottinghamshire in in January 2015, from a disused railway line near King's Clipstone (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.). Chordeuma proximum is known to have a strong south-westerly distribution in the UK.   Nottinghamshire distribution: Unknown in Nottinghamshire until several individuals were recorded from under long-standing rockery stones in a Mapperley garden in February 2017 (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.).
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Polydesmidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Polydesmidae
Brachydesmus superus (Latzel, 1884)   Polydesmus angustus (Latzel, 1884)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Common, with most Nottinghamshire records coming from the Bingham area, but also recorded from Colwick Woods in 1969 (Jones, R.E.). In the north of the county, this Millipede has been infrequently recorded, but there are records from Treswell Wood, Lound Wood, Sherwood Forest CP and Kirton Wood.   Nottinghamshire distribution: The most common and widespread of all the Polydesmus Millipedes recorded in Nottinghamshire, which are all visually identical and needing microscopic examination to correctly determine identification.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Polydesmidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Polydesmidae
Polydesmus coriaceus (Porat, 1871)   Polydesmus inconstans (Latzel, 1884)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Currently just a handful of areas of the county where it is known to occur. Examination of any Polydesmus sp, may prove that this species is more common.   Nottinghamshire distribution: Proving to be widespread, with scattered records from a large area of southern Nottinghamshire. Examination of any Polydesmus sp, will certainly prove that this species is more common than records currently suggest.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Macrosternodesmidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -MEROCHETA - POLYDESMIDA - Macrosternodesmidae
Ophiodesmus albonanus (Latzel, 1895)   Macrosternodesmus pallicola (Brölemann, 1908)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Rare in Nottinghamshire and the only known records are from Bingham in 1969 (Jones, R.E. and Barber, A.) and most recently from a Mapperley garden in 2016 (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.).   Nottinghamshire distribution: Currently just a single record, when discovered as new to Nottinghamshire at Pleasley Vale (Whiteley, D.) in 2016.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae
Choneiulus palmatus (Nemec, 1895)   Proteroiulus fuscus (Am Stein, 1857)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Currently known only from a stone wall at Church Warsop, where several specimens were found underneath loose mortar in March 2015 (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.)   Nottinghamshire distribution: A very common Millipede which is widespread in Nottinghamshire, especially in the Sherwood Forest area. It is usually found under bark in wooded areas, but is not restricted to such habitat.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae
Blaniulus guttulatus (Fabricius, 1798)   Archiboreoiulus pallidus (Brade-Birks, 1920)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Widespread in woodland, but also found in other habitats, including suburban gardens. There are scattered records from Newark, Bingham, Bunny Old Wood and from The Meadows area of Nottingham (Barber, A.) and it is generally common at Sherwood Forest. There are several similar species which can cause identification difficulties.   Nottinghamshire distribution: A species found only in the south-east of Nottinghamshire. All the county's records have come from Bingham (where it was widely recorded) but there are Trent Valley records from Shelford and Radcliffe-on-Trent (Jones, R.E.) in 1969.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Blaniulidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Nemasomatidae
Boreoiulus tenuis (Bigler, 1913)   Nemasoma varicorne (C.L.Koch, 1847)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Uncommon and presumably a much under-recorded species in Nottinghamshire. There are just four county records, after being discovered new to the county in 2015 (Heeney, W.).   Nottinghamshire distribution: Formerly rare, with three county records from Whatton and Radcliffe-on-Trent in 1969 (Jones, P.E.) and at Sherwood Forest in 1970 (Jones, R.E.). Now being recorded at sdeveral other sites, but seemingly not common.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae
Julus scandinavius (Latzel, 1884)   Ophyiulus pilosus (Newport, 1842)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Currently rare on the basis of just four Nottinghamshire records, all coming from the western-half of the county. Recorded from Oxton Bog in 1970 (Barber, A.) and Wilwell Farm Cutting in 1983 (Terrell-Nield, C.) but most recently from Pleasley Vale (Whiteley, D.) and Sherwood Forest (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.) in 2016.   Nottinghamshire distribution: A common Millipede of south Nottinghamshire. Recently found at Attenborough NR (Sexton, T.) but many records came from the Trent Valley in the late 1960's and early 1970's (Jones, R.E. and Barber, A.)
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae
Cylindroiulus britannicus (Verhoeff, 1891)   Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus (Wood, 1864)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Not recorded in Nottinghamshire until as recently as 2014, when it was found near Market Warsop and Rainworth Heath (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.)   Nottinghamshire distribution: Recorded from numerous sites, including Newstead Abbey, Sherwood Forest, Gamston Wood and Bevercotes Pit Wood, all in north-west Nottinghamshire.
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae
Cylindroiulus punctatus (Leach, 1815)   Brachyiulus pusillus (Leach, 1815)
Nottinghamshire distribution: Very common and widespread. Probably found throughout Nottinghamshire and in a wide range of habitats. Is also recorded from suburban gardens, where it can be found under logs etc. Well recorded from Sherwood Forest and the Bingham/Trent Valley area.   Nottinghamshire distribution: Just four county records suggest that this Millipede is uncommon, but probably quite widespread in range throughout much of Nottinghamshire. Recent records have come from Hills and Holes SSSI at Market Warsop and Stoke Bardolph in 2014 (Pendleton, T.A. and Pendleton, D.T.) Moorbridge Pond NR in 2001 (Kirby, P.) and Newark in 1969 (Jones, R.E.)
 
     
     
DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae   DIPLODA - CHILOGNATHA -JULIFORMIA - JULIDA - Julidae
Ommatoiulus sabulosus (Linnaeus, 1758)   Tachypodoiulus niger (Leach, 1814)
Nottinghamshire distribution: A large and easy to identify Millipede. It is very common in the Sherwood Forest area, but has also been recorded from several sites in the south of Nottinghamshire. These include Attenborough NR in 2009 (Rogers, R.) Netherfield Ash Lagoons in 2012 (Netherfield Wildlife Group) Ruddington in 1969 (Jones, R.E.)   Nottinghamshire distribution: This is probably the most widespread Nottinghamshire Millipede and found in all habitat types. Very well recorded in both Sherwood Forest and Bingham areas of the county, but will occur anywhere under logs and stones etc.
 
     
Modern Atlases of Nottinghamshire Centipedes and Millpedes
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    Thanks to Tony Barber of the British Myriapod and Isopod Group, it has recently been possible for us to produce and publish, long overdue modern atlases of Nottinghamshire's Centipedes and Millipedes.

Both are available as pdf files, but are quickly becoming out of date, following the recent increased interest in both groups.

Records sent to us by the BMIG, coupled with all the recent records, means that we actually have a good picture of species distribution within Nottinghamshire and probably much better than many other Midland counties.

Published April 2015

         
     
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