Salticidae - Jumping spiders in Nottinghamshire
 
The Salticidae are without doubt, the most appealing of spider families and their charming and charismatic nature, make them a natural favourite for photographers.

Their often small size and frequent variation in markings, do make them a little tricky to identify, but several species are very distinctive and easy to determine. This page includes photographs of some of the more commoner Nottinghamshire species we have photographed to date.

As with many invertebrates, it's also possible not to have to leave home to find at least one species of jumping spider, with the commonly known Zebra Spider (Salticus scenicus) being present on walls and fences of most houses and buildings on warm, sunny days.

 
......
At our own home in Market Warsop, we have recorded Pseudeuophrys lanigera, Salticus scenicus and Sitticus pubescens. These three are also sometimes encountered indoors, after entering through open windows and are perhaps the most likely species to be encountered.

There are four sets of eyes, the anterior medians (1) anterior laterals (2) posterior medians (3) and posterior laterals (4) The anterior median eyes of Salticidae spiders, are actually capable of more degrees of movement than human eyes, are able to focus and have binocular vision. They can probably also detect colour, as the males of some species (notably Euophrys frontalis in Nottinghamshire) use colour and markings in their courtship of the female. Two pairs of eyes towards the rear and on top of the head, pick up movement and the spider turns to have a better look using the anterior median eyes. The position of all eight eyes, enables Salticidae spiders to have 360 degree vision.

......
    Because these spiders often turn to look at you when being photographed, or attempting capture (sometimes even raising themselves up) they appear to show a fearless atitude far greater than their small size.

They are excellent hunters and they can take prey virtually their own size quite easily, as illustrated by the Salticus scenicus capturing the juvenile Amaurobius fenestralis in the photograph below.

......
When hunting, once the spider has spotted a prey item, it gradually moves closer until it is with jumping range (usually a few centimetres) and when these spiders attack, the prey is grabbed by the spider's forelegs. Jumping spiders are not the only group of spiders that can jump.

Wolf Spiders (Lycosidae) are just one other group that can also jump and are able to jump whilst moving, whilst Salticidae only jump from a standing position.

Salticidae in Nottinghamshire and the UK

The UK has records of 36 species of Salticidae. Many of these are restricted to coastal areas and the south of the UK. Because the study and identification of spiders is far less than other invertebrate groups, there is the possibility that more species could eventually be added to the Nottinghamshire list.

 
......
Nottinghamshire species list

Salticus scenicus, Salticus cingulatus, Heliophanus cupreus, Heliophanus flavipes, Neon reticulatus, Euophrys frontalis, Pseudeuophrys lanigera, Talavera aequipes, Sitticus pubescens and Evarcha falcata.

     
     
Salticus scenicus (Clerck, 1757)
A small, active and charismatic spider which is often called the Zebra spider. Salticus scenicus is common on the walls of houses in urban areas, but will be found in most habitats. This species is similar to the more uncommon S. cingulatus.
....
 
     
     
Salticus cingulatus (Panzer, 1797)
A small, active spider which is usually found on tree trunks and fence posts. These Salticus cingulatus females were both found on Birch at Sherwood Forest CP, where S. cingulatus seems commoner than S. scenicus. We have also recorded this spider from Eakring Meadows NR.
....
 
     
     
Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)
A relatively common spider across southern parts of the UK, which usually favours dry, sunny habitats. Heliophanus cupreus is virtually identical to the more common Heliophanus flavipes and specimens should ideally be checked to determine identification. The lack of general interest in Arachnids, means that there are typically few county records and in Nottinghamshire, it is currently restricted to just two sites.
     
     
Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)
A common spider, found in a variety of open, dry habitats. This is a small species measuring around 5mm in length. The ones photographed, were found at Budby South Forest and Warsop Main Pit Top in late March 2010.
....
 
     
     
Neon reticulatus (Blackwall, 1853)
A common spider, Neon reticulatus is usually found low to the ground amongst leaf litter etc. This is a small species measuring around 5mm in length, but the one photographed was sub-adult and slightly smaller.
....
 
     
     
Euophrys frontalis (Walckenaer, 1802)
A small jumping spider which is found in open wooded areas and probably heathland. It can often be found under stones, but this one was one of two which were found underneath a reptile rufugia at Sherwood Forest CP in April 2010. Euophrys frontalis is an attractive little spider, whose small size makes it quite indistinctive to the eye. Both female (upper two photographs) and the more colourful male (lower two photographs) are illustrated.
....
 
....
 
     
     
Pseudeuophrys lanigera (Simon, 1871)
A small, active jumping spider which is often found on houses and walls, although it can spend most of it's time high up and out of sight. Pseudeuophrys lanigera occasionally enters houses, such as this one did at Market Warsop in early October 2009. Length 4.5mm.
....
 
     
     
Talavera aequipes (O.P.-Cambridge, 1871)
The current number of just two known sites, suggests that Talavera aequipes is rare in Nottinghamshire, with records from Sherwood Forest in 1978 (BAS Survey Team) the Idle Valley NR in 2000 (Williams, H.) and most recently from Attenborough NR in 2015 (Sexton, T.). A Spider of warm, open, sunny habitats, with areas of bare ground.
....
 
....
 
     
     
Sitticus pubescens (Fabricius, 1775)
Sitticus pubescens is often found around houses, walls and roofs etc. Widespread, but quite locally distributed across much of the UK.
....
 
     
     
Evarcha falcata (Clerck, 1757)
A small and common jumping spider found in woods, but also relatively open places such as heathland and disused pit tops. This male (lower two photographs) and female Evarcha falcata, were both found on low vegetation among trees on a south-facing bank at Warsop Main Pit Top in late April 2010. The colouration and markings of the male seem relatively consistant, but the female is variable.
....
 
....
 
     
     
Spiders    
Homepage    
Contents