Minotaur Beetle Typhaeus typhoeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
The spectacular Minotaur Beetle is an inhabitant of heath and moorlands, having a thinly scattered distribution across the UK. Most members of the Geotrupidae group are dung feeders. They burrow underground, filling the shafts with dung for their larvae to feed on. The males use the long horn-like extensions on the thorax to compete with other males for females, which only have small points in their place. They prefer areas of short turf, especially that grazed by Rabbits. They are relatively common where they occur but according to the NBN Gateway, there are only two known sites in Nottinghamshire, but searching may reveal more around the Dukeries area. The adults over-winter in burrows as pairs and the best time to see this impressive beetle is on warm/mild days from September through to March.
Female photographed at Sherwood Forest CP February 2011
Male photographed at Sherwood Heath March 2009   Burrow, photographed at Budby Common March 2009
Male photographed at Budby Common March 2007    
Female photographed at Budby Common March 2007    
Nottinghamshire (VC56) distribution of Typhaeus typhoeus
The records for the Nottinghamshire distribution map are currently provided by the following contributors - Trevor and Dilys Pendleton. Michael Walker. Adrian Dutton. Stuart Warrington. The National Trust (Clumber Park invertebrate records). NBGRC. Howard Williams. Natural England - Birklands and Bilhaugh SSSI & Birklands West and Ollerton Corner SSSI, Nottinghamshire Saproxylic invertebrate survey, Natural England Field Unit, April-October 2018. David Shaw. Nick and Samantha Brownley.

You can contribute your own records to help us gain an accurate status of this species in Nottinghamshire. Send an Excel spreadsheet of your records via the 'contact us' link at the top of the homepage.

Updated January 2024

copyright Trevor and Dilys Pendleton (www.eakringbirds.com) . .
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